The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator: A Guide to Understanding Personality Types

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업데이트 일자 2023년 08월 15일

The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) is a psychological assessment tool used to measure and understand individual personality types. Developed by Isabel Briggs Myers and her mother, Katharine Briggs, the MBTI is based on the theories of Swiss psychiatrist Carl Jung. The MBTI is used to help individuals better understand themselves and others, and to make decisions about their lives.

The MBTI is based on four different dichotomies, or pairs of opposite traits. These dichotomies are:

• Extraversion (E) vs. Introversion (I): This dichotomy measures how an individual interacts with the outside world. Extraverts are outgoing and enjoy being around people, while introverts prefer to spend time alone and are more reserved.

• Sensing (S) vs. Intuition (N): This dichotomy measures how an individual processes information. Sensors rely on facts and details, while intuitives are more abstract and focus on the big picture.

• Thinking (T) vs. Feeling (F): This dichotomy measures how an individual makes decisions. Thinkers are logical and analytical, while feelers are more emotionally driven.

• Judging (J) vs. Perceiving (P): This dichotomy measures how an individual approaches the world. Judgers are organized and prefer structure, while perceivers are more flexible and spontaneous.

The MBTI is composed of 16 different personality types, each of which is a combination of the four dichotomies. For example, an individual who is an Extravert (E), Intuitive (N), Thinking (T), and Judging (J) would be classified as an ENTJ.

The MBTI can be used to help individuals better understand themselves and others. It can also be used to make decisions about career paths, relationships, and other life choices. By understanding one’s own personality type, an individual can gain insight into their strengths and weaknesses, and use this knowledge to make informed decisions.

The MBTI can also be used to improve communication between individuals. By understanding the personality types of those around them, individuals can better understand how to interact with them and how to resolve conflicts.

FAQs

Q: What is the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI)?

A: The MBTI is a psychological assessment tool used to measure and understand individual personality types. It is based on the theories of Swiss psychiatrist Carl Jung and is composed of 16 different personality types, each of which is a combination of four dichotomies.

Q: How is the MBTI used?

A: The MBTI can be used to help individuals better understand themselves and others, and to make decisions about their lives. It can also be used to improve communication between individuals.

Q: What are the four dichotomies of the MBTI?

A: The four dichotomies of the MBTI are Extraversion (E) vs. Introversion (I), Sensing (S) vs. Intuition (N), Thinking (T) vs. Feeling (F), and Judging (J) vs. Perceiving (P).